Every day in the world is produced millions of tons of waste
Many of these are organic materials such as food scraps, leaves and branches resulting from pruning, wood ash and so on...
An average family of 4 produces approximately between 5 and 20 kg per week of waste organic material simply with leftover food.
These organic waste if properly treated can become excellent compost to feed our plants.
First of all there is to say that the compost, to be produced requires a space of about one square meter, even if there are less bulky solutions.
The area must obviously be higher or lower depending on the amount of organic waste that we intend to compost.
The best thing if you have a garden, it prepares a sun and wind sheltered space, and possibly in the corner south of the house, preferably not in direct contact with the outer walls.
For this purpose there are three possible solutions that are the most commonly used:
-Hole in the ground, allows the compost to mature slightly faster than the other solutions, for two reasons: the thermal insulation given by the ground on 4 sides, and the fact that being buried is more rapid access to the compost by earthworms, grubs and decomposing microorganisms. The disadvantage is that dig a hole a meter deep is not always easy.
-Self-made compost bin, you can build a compost bin in various ways. With old pallets, planks of wood, fiberglass or even with a wall of only 3 sides. They have the advantage of being cheap and efficient solutions.
-Composter purchased, fast and easy solution, the disadvantage can be constituted by the cost not always low.
Having decided on the best solution for us, it is good to understand what compost need, and what to throw inside.
What it need:
The compost as mentioned above is worked by bacteria, microorganisms and insects. Them to be highly active and perform the function that we want to carry out, need (like all living organisms) of oxygen, water, and nutrients.
-Oxygen is present in the atmospheric air, and our job is to make sure that it can get to the center of the compost so that its inhabitants can live, reproduce and transform so our waste.
To do this, it must have made is also threw "massive" material such as leaves and twigs. Another thing to do is turn it every 2/3 months in order to have a uniform mixing of the waste present in it and mixing it also mix insects and bacteria thus helping their spread in the mass to degrade.
-Water is just as important.
If the compost is dry it will not proceed in the process of deterioration, while if it is too wet will tend to rot.
For a good compost it is to wet if you see that tends to be dry, and even when it is turned.
The nutrients comes from what we give it, so now we will see what to throw in the compost:
-ALL of kitchen scraps are fine, making sure to cover it if we throw the remains of fish or meat cause carry odors.
-Flowers and plants we want to throw as death or dried are fine, even better if cut into small pieces.
-Leaves and grass clippings
-Droppings, are fine, it is a rule to cover them, as for the table scraps, because of bad odors.
All waste that will end up in the compost, will be deteriorated and processed, and finally we will use them as fertilizer for our plants. It is so good that we do not throw rubbish to avoid eating them through the fruits of the plants.
Here is what to avoid:
-Paper, usually containing bleach.
-Cardboard, contains glue.
-Magazines, ink and glue.
-Scraps of wood, treated or painted.
-Leather, though it may appear natural leather is treated, so do not use it.
At this point, if you did everything right, within 2-3 months you will see the first results.
The mature compost is formed mainly on the bottom and then goes to rise, so will take advantage of the fact that we have to stirring it to keep what good that we got.
And 'good practice, when we mix "sift", causing him to fall onto a mesh size of about 1 cm, and tilted at about 45 degrees.
In this way we will have under the net the mature compost, while the other remains not yet decomposed will roll at the base of the network and will throw them back in the compost, so they can continue their degradation process.
Once you have your compost, we are free to mix it to the ground for flowering plants, just to give it that extra sprint. While if you have fruit trees we can also use it as such as soil, especially for vegetables and tubers which require many nutrients.
Now that you have all the information you need...